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Screening for gum disease forms a part of your routine examination. Gum disease presents as swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. The first signs may be blood on your toothbrush, or your gums may bleed when you are eating, leaving a bad taste in your mouth. Your breath may also become unpleasant.


Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. This is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. The gums wlll often bleed when they are brushed.


Gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease after a long period of time. As the disease gets worse the bone keeping the teeth in the jaw is lost, making the teeth become loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

Causes of gum disease?

All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth and gums every day. Some of these bacteria are thought to be the main cause of gum disease.
Gum disease often progresses painlessly so that you do not notice the damage being done. However, the bacteria are sometimes more active and this makes your gums sore. You may get gum abscesses, and pus may ooze from around the teeth. Over many years, the bone supporting the teeth will be lost. If gum disease is left untreated for a long time, treatment may be unsuccessful.

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